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Other publications

Journal articles (peer-reviewed)
(32) ‘Development goals, commercial interest and EU aid-for-trade’, World Development, accepted for publication (with Bernard Hoekman)
(31) ‘How did GVC-trade respond to previous health shocks? Evidence from SARS and MERS’, Review of International Economics, 10 August 2023, (with Prachi Agarwal; featured as CEPR VoxEU column on 8 December 2020)
(30) ‘The COVID-19 shock and services trade decline: potential for digitalization matters’, Applied Economics, 10 May 2023,
(29) ‘Trade effects of non-economic provisions in trade agreements’, Economics Letters, 23 March 2023, (with B. Hoekman and F. Santi)
(28) ‘Mode 4 restrictiveness and services trade’, Review of World Economics, 24 September 2022,
(27) ‘COVID-19, services trade and greenfield investment in ASEAN+6’, The World Economy, 45(10): 3146-3168, May 2022,
(26) ‘Exchange rate fluctuations, volatility and exports: the intensive margin effect for Turkish firms’, Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, 31(3): 450-473, October 2021, (with A. Tekin-Koru and N. Nergiz Dinçer)
(25) ‘Public procurement, regional integration and the Belt and Road Initiative’, World Bank Research Observer, 36(2): 131-163, May 2021, (with Tanya Ghossein and Bernard Hoekman)
(24) ‘COVID-19, public procurement regimes and trade policy’, The World Economy, 45: 409-429, February 2021, (with B. Hoekman, V. Eknath and V. Ereshchenko; available as Covid Economics 55, 4 Nov. 2020: 81-99; and CEPR VoxEU column on 25 Nov. 2020)
(23) ‘Trade policy responses to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis: evidence from a new dataset’, The World Economy, 45: 342–364, February 2021, (with S. Evenett, M. Fiorini, J. Fritz, B. Hoekman, P. Lukaszuk, N. Rocha, M. Ruta and F. Santi; featured as CEPR VoxEU column on 11 December 2020)
(22) ‘Aid for trade and trade in services’, Journal of Development Studies, 57(10): 1723-1738, February 2021, (with Bernard Hoekman)
(21) ‘Migration, trade and investment: towards a new common concern of humankind’, Journal of World Trade 55(1): 51-76, February 2021 (with Thomas Cottier)
(20) ‘Determinants of services trade agreement membership’, Review of World Economics 157(1): 21-64, January 2021, (with Peter Egger)
(19) ‘Re-estimating the effects of heterogeneous standards on trade: endogeneity matters’, The World Economy 44(3): 756-787, Aug. 2020, (with M. Ehrich and L. Foletti)
(18) ‘Aid for trade in services: definition, magnitude and effects’, Trade Law & Development 12(1): 342-354, July 2020 (invited contribution)
(17) ‘Aid for trade and international transactions in goods and services’, Review of International Economics 28(2): 320-340, May 2020, (with Bernard Hoekman; featured as CEPR VoxEU column on 13 September 2017)
(16) ‘Manufacturing growth accelerations in developing countries’, Review of Development Economics 23(4): 1696-1724, November 2019, (with Nobuya Haraguchi, Bruno Martorano and Marco Sanfilippo)
(15) ‘Backward participation in global value chains and exchange rate driven adjustments of Swiss exports’, Review of World Economics 154(3): 537-584, August 2018, 10.1007/s10290-018-0310-z (with Dario Fauceglia, Andrea Lassmann and Martin Wermelinger)
(14) ‘Do WTO+ commitments in services trade agreements reflect a quest for optimal regulatory convergence? Evidence from Asia’, The World Economy 41(5):1223–1250, May 2018, (with Martin Roy and Pierre Sauvé)
(13) ‘Note on labor market effects of applied services regimes and service sector reforms’, International Labour Review, 25 March 2018, (with Pierre Sauvé)
(12) ‘Granting preferential market access in services sequentially versus jointly with goods’, The World Economy 40(12): 2901-2936, December 2017, 10.1111/twec.12523 (with Peter Egger)
(11) ‘Why do countries enter into preferential agreements on trade in services? Assessing the potential for negotiated regulatory convergence in Asian services markets’, Asian Development Review 33(1): 1-18, March 2016 (with Pierre Sauvé)
(10) ‘Econometric analyses of home-bias in government procurement’, Review of International Economics 23(1): 188-219, February 2015
(9) ‘Natural hedging of exchange rate risk: The role of imported input prices’, Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics 150(4): 261-296, 2014 (with Dario Fauceglia & Martin Wermelinger; featured as CEPR VoxEU column on 19 October 2012 and in the Swiss newspapers NZZ (on 21 October 2012) and NZZ Equity (on 3 April 2013))
(8) ‘The services sector in India’s states: A tale of growth, convergence and trade’, The World Economy 37(12): 1773-1793, December 2014 (featured as Ideas for India column on 17 February 2014)
(7) ‘The potential of tariff policy for climate change mitigation’, Journal of World Trade 48(5): 1007-1037, October 2014 (with Thomas Cottier & Olga Nartova)
(6) ‘Services globalization and sub-national demand linkages: The case of India’, Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy 5(1), 4 March 2014 (invited contribution)
(5) ‘India and her trade agreements: What lies beneath?’ European Yearbook of International Economic Law 5(2014): 935-955 (invited contribution; with Mate Kander)
(4) ‘Services procurement under the WTO’s Agreement on Government Procurement: Whither market access?’ World Trade Review 10(4): 1-23, 2011
(3) ‘Reflections on the preferential liberalization of services trade’, Journal of World Trade 45(5): 953-963, October 2011 (with Pierre Sauvé; excerpts published online on WTO’s World Trade Report 2011 discussion forum 28 June 2011)
(2) ‘Inequality in Academic Performance and Juvenile Convictions: An Area-based Analysis’, British Journal of Educational Studies 59(2):143-158, 2011 (with Leon Feinstein & Ricardo Sabates)
(1) ‘Potential Benefits from a Deep EU-India Free Trade Agreement’, Asia Europe Journal 7(1): 43-62, 2009 (with Peter Holmes)

Manuscripts under review
– ‘African Continental Free Trade Area and greenfield investment: likely effects and transmission channels’ 
– ‘The effect of standards harmonization on trade, prices and quality: evidence from EU pesticides MRLs’ (with Malte Ehrich)

Edited volumes
(1) ‘The Preferential Liberalization of Trade in Services: Comparative Regionalism’, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., 2014 (co-edited with Pierre Sauvé)

Research reports
(42) ‘Understanding Investment, Trade, and Battery Waste Management Linkages for a Globally Competitive EV Manufacturing Sector’, ICRIER-IISD, New Delhi, April 2022 (several co-authors)
(41) ‘Ex-post evaluation of the implementation of the Trade Pillar between the EU and its Member States and Central America’, European Commission, February 2022 (several co-authors)
(40) ‘APEC Services Competitiveness Roadmap Mid-term Review’, APEC Policy Support Unit, October 2021 (with Andre Wirjo, Jason Carlo Ong Carranceja, Ben Shepherd and Bernard Hoekman)
(39) ‘Services Trade of Commonwealth Member Countries: Response to the COVID-19 Pandemic’, International Trade Working Paper 2021/03, Commonwealth Secretariat, London (with Ben Shepherd)
(38) ‘Business regulation in South Asia and the Belt and Road Initiative’, November 2020, The World Bank
(37) ‘The Impact of COVID-19 on Commonwealth Services Trade’, International Trade Working Paper, No. 2020/08 (August), Commonwealth Secretariat, London
(36) ‘Commonwealth greenfield investment: stylized facts and effect of Commonwealth membership’, International Trade Working Paper, No. 2020/07 (June), Commonwealth Secretariat, London (with Akshaya Aggarwal)
(35) ‘Liberalizing versus facilitating Mode 4 trade in services’, Policy Research Working Paper No. WPS 9227 (May 2020), Washington, D.C., World Bank Group
(34) ‘Disentangling the merchandise trade effect of Commonwealth membership’, Background paper for the 2020 Commonwealth Trade Report, March 2020 (with Akshaya Aggarwal)
(33) ‘India’s Strategic Engagement in Africa: beyond the G20 ‘CwA’ Initiative’, ICRIER & Ministry of Finance, Government of India, New Delhi, February 2020 (with Akshaya Aggarwal)
(32) ‘Exploring trade and investment opportunities between India and select African and Asian economies’, ICRIER, New Delhi and DfID, India, October 2019 (several authors)
(31) ‘Migration, trade and foreign direct investment in the twenty-first century: towards a new common concern of humankind’, International Organization for Migration, Sept. 2019 (with Thomas Cottier)
(30) ‘Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment in support of FTA negotiations between the European Union and Australia’, European Commission, July 2019 (several co-authors)
(29) ‘Trade Sustainability Impact Assessment in support of FTA negotiations between the European Union and New Zealand’, European Commission, July 2019 (several co-authors)
(28) ‘Intra- and extra-African greenfield investment’, ODI, London, April 2019 (with Max Mendez-Parra)
(27) ‘India’s strategic engagement under the G20 Compact with Africa initiative’, ICRIER & Ministry of Finance, Government of India, April 2019 (with Minakshee Das and Akshaya Aggarwal)
(26) ‘Trade in environmentally-sound technologies: implication for developing countries’, UNEP, TMCD University of Oxford and NUST, December 2018 (with Xiaolan Fu and co-authors)
(25) ‘Procurement in the Belt and Road Initiative’, Discussion Paper No. 10, MTI Global Practice, World Bank Group, December 2018 (with Bernard Hoekman and Tanya Ghossein)
(24) ‘Significance of autonomous tariff dismantling for industrial products for future negotiations of free trade agreements’, SECO/WTI, December 2017 (several co-authors)
(23) ‘Labour market effects of currency appreciation: The case of Switzerland’, SECO, Strukturberichterstattung Nr. 56/5, September 2017 (with Peter Egger and Johannes Schwarzer)
(22) ‘Aid for trade in Asia and the Pacific: Promoting connectivity for inclusive development’, Asian Development Bank, July 2017 (several authors)
(21) ‘Impact of aid for trade in services on services trade’, Commonwealth Secretariat, London, June 2017
(20) ‘Sectoral study of existing EU-Swiss trade agreements relevant to a future UK-Swiss trading relationship’, Foreign and Commonwealth Office UK, March 2017 (several authors)
(19) ‘Commonwealth trade effect and Brexit’, Commonwealth Secretariat, London, December 2016
(18) ‘Services trade data in LDCs & LICs: challenges, “better performers” and pathways for improvement’, ILEAP, CUTS International Geneva and CARIS: Toronto, Geneva and Brighton, December 2016
(17) ‘Value of air cargo: Air transport and global value chains’, IATA, November 2016 (with Ben Shepherd)
(16) ‘Improving services data collection in least-developed and low-income countries: a toolkit’, ILEAP, CUTS International Geneva and CARIS: Toronto, Geneva and Brighton, October 2016 (with Peter Holmes and Jim Rollo)
(15) ‘Understanding services trade and competitiveness in a data-constrained world: the case of Uganda’, ILEAP, CUTS International Geneva and CARIS: Toronto, Geneva and Brighton, September 2016 (with David Primack and Arpit Bhutani)
(14) ‘Bringing SMEs onto the E-commerce highway’, ITC, May 2016 (with Marion Jansen et al.)
(13) ‘Potential impact of an EU-India free trade agreement’, WTI/CEPR, April 2016 (with Koen Berden, Joseph Francois, Miriam Manchin, Hugo Rojas Romagosa)
(12) ‘Exploring intra-commonwealth goods and services trade’, International Trade Working Paper No. 2016/05, Commonwealth Secretariat, London, 26 February 2016 (with Mohammad Razzaque)
(11) ‘Identifying good practices in LDC/LIC services trade statistics collection’, ILEAP, CUTS International
and CARIS: Toronto and Brighton, 2015
(10) ‘Identifying regional value chains in South Asia’ (International Finance Corporation, New Delhi, 2015)
(9) ‘Backward participation in global value chains and exchange rate driven adjustments of Swiss exports’, SECO, Strukturberichterstattung Nr. 53/2, Feb 2015 (with Dario Fauceglia, Andrea Lassmann and Martin Wermelinger)
(8) ‘Potential Impacts of a EU-US Free Trade Agreement on the Swiss Economy and External Economic Relations’, SECO/WTI, March 2014 (with Thomas Cottier, Peter Egger, Joseph Francois, Miriam Manchin, Charlotte Sieber)
(7) ‘Assessing the EU-Palestine Authority Interim Association Agreement using the Sussex Framework’, ITC/UNDP, July 2012
(6) ‘Non-tariff measures in EU-US Trade and Investment: An Economic Analysis’, ECORYS, Research & Consulting and the European Commission, December 2009 (several co-authors)
(5) ‘Innocent Bystanders: Implications of an EU-India Free-Trade Agreement for Excluded Countries’, Commonwealth Secretariat, London, February 2009 (with Alan Winters
(4) ‘The impact of trade policies on Pakistan’s preferential access to the European Union’, the European Commission and CARIS, Department of Economics, University of Sussex, December 2008 (co-authors)
(3) ‘The importance of services sector liberalization for the UK in a potential EU-Korea FTA’, Report prepared by CARIS for BERR, Government of UK, April 2008
(2) ‘Qualitative Analysis of a Potential Free Trade Agreement between the European Union and India’, the European Commission and CARIS, Department of Economics, University of Sussex, UK, February 2007 (several co-authors)
(1) ‘Sustaining India’s Services Revolution: Access to foreign markets, domestic reforms and international negotiations’, The World Bank, March 2004 (with Aaditya Mattoo & Deepak Mishra)

Book/Report chapters

(18) ‘The Covid-19 shock and services trade’ in Elgar Encyclopedia of Services, Vol. 89, p. 467, Edward Elgar Publishing, 17 January 2023
(17) ‘Aid for trade in services: definition, magnitude and effects’ in Austrian National Bank and Austrian Federal Economic Chamber (2020 eds.) “Schwerpunkt Außenwirtschaft 2019/2020” on “International Trade and Sustainable Development”, Facultas Verlags- und Buchhandels AG, Vienna (with Bernard Hoekman)
(16) ‘Responding to the Covid-19 crisis: policy priorities for India’ in AIC-EEPC (2020 eds.) COVID-19: Challenges for the Indian Economy – Trade and Foreign Policy Effects, ASEAN-India Centre (AIC) – Engineering Export Promotion Council of India (EEPC), New Delhi
(15) ‘Mapping government procurement provisions in preferential trade agreements: evidence from a new classification’ available as ‘Public procurement’ in A. Mattoo, M. Ruta and N. Rocha (2020 eds.) Handbook of Deep Trade Agreements, World Bank, Washington DC (with Viktoriya Ereshchenko)
(14) ‘Gauging procurement policy change during the crisis era: evidence from the Global Trade Alert’, in J.F. Francois and B.M. Hoekman (eds.) Behind-the-Border Policies: Assessing and Addressing Non-Tariff Measures, Cambridge University Press, October 2019 (with Simon Evenett; available as PRONTO Working Paper 2.6, World Trade Institute, University of Bern)
(13) ‘What drives successful industrialization?’ in UNIDO (2017 ed.) Structural Change for Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development (with Nobuya Haraguchi, Bruno Martorano and Marco Sanfilippo)
(12) ‘Internationalization of government procurement regulation: The case of India’ in A. Geogopoulos, B. Hoekman & P. Mavroidis (eds.) Internationalization of government procurement regulation, Oxford University Press, 23 February 2017 (available as Research Paper No. RSCAS 2015/86)
(11) ‘Services data priorities: trade, Aid for Trade and government procurement’ in B. Hoekman & D.W. te Velde (eds.) Trade in Services and Economic Transformation: A new development policy priority, Overseas Development Institute: London, February 2017 (available online at:
(10) ‘Going beyond the 0/1 dummy: Estimating the effect of heterogeneous provisions in services accords on services trade’ in M. Roy & P. Sauvé (eds.) Research Handbook in International Trade in Services, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., October 2016
(9) Bangladesh Case Study in Strengthening the Compliance of the OIC Member States to International Standards, COMCEC Co-ordination Office, February 2016 (with Ben Shepherd)
(8) ‘Revisiting the trade effect of services agreements’, in M. Elsig & A. Dür (eds.) Trade Cooperation: The Purpose, Design and Effects of Preferential Trade Agreements, Cambridge University Press, Dec. 2014
(7) ‘How much do negotiated agreements matter for services trade?’ in P. Sauvé & A. Shingal (eds.) The Preferential Liberalization of Trade in Services: Comparative Regionalism, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. 2014
(6) ‘Trade in Services’, in Over the Horizon: A New Levant, The World Bank (MNSPR MENA Region), March 2014 (with Aaditya Mattoo and Pierre Sauvé)
(5) ‘The Impact of Cross-border Discrimination on Japanese Exports: A Sectoral Analysis’, in The Unrelenting Pressure of Protectionism: The 3rd GTA Report, S.J. Evenett (eds.), CEPR, December 2009
(4) ‘Barriers to Government Procurement in the European Union’, in Strategies and Preparedness for Trade and Globalization in India, Ministry of Commerce, Government of India & UNCTAD, February 2008
(3) ‘Monitoring Implementation: Japan and the WTO Agreement on Government Procurement’, in Economic Development & Multilateral Trade Cooperation, The World Bank, 2006 (with Simon Evenett)
(2) ‘A Burden or an Incentive: Developing World Trade and the Role of Regional Trade Agreements’, in Beyond the Transition Phase of WTO: An Indian Perspective on Emerging Issues, CSH, New Delhi, 2006 (with Julien Chaise)
(1) ‘Transparency in Government Procurement: Dispute Settlement Aspects of a Possible Multilateral Agreement’, in Unpacking Transparency in Government Procurement, CUTS International, Dec. 2004