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List of publications

1. Illiberal Constitutional Theories, Jus Politicum, 2021, No. 25, pp. 135-152. (link

2. The alternatives to a bite or a bark: after launching Article 7 TEU against the Hungarian government, in Constitutionalism Under Stress, (eds. U. Belavusau and A. Gliszczynska), OUP, 2020 (link)

3. Rights Revolution and Counter-revolution: Democratic Backsliding and Human Rights in Hungary, Law and Ethics of Human Rights, 2020, 14 (1): 97-123. (link)

4.  Constitutional Transplant, Cambridge Companion to Comparative Constitutional Law (eds. Robert Schütze and Roger Masterman, CUP, 2019. (link)

5. Illiberalism in East-Central Europe, Working Paper, EUI Law, 2019/5. (link)

6. Making of ‘Illiberal Constitutionalism’ With or Without a New Constitution: The Case of Hungary and Poland, in Comparative Constitution Making (eds. David Landau and Hanna Lerner). Edward Elgar, 2019. (link)

7. The End of Academic Freedom in Hungary, Droit & Société, 21/10/2019 (link)

8. Populism, Authoritarianism and Constitutionalism, 20 German Law Journal, Issue 3 (2019), 296-313. (link)

9. The Role of Religion in the Illiberal Hungarian Constitutional System., in Brave New Hungary (eds. János Mátyás Kovács and Balázs Trencsényi) (link)

10. The Fundamental Law of Hungary and the European Constitutional Values, DPCEonline, 2019/2 (link)

11.  Introduction: Populist Constitutionalism: Varieties, Complexities, and Contradictions (together with Paul Blokker and Bojan Bugaric), 20 German Law Journal, Issue 3 (2019), 291-295. (link)

12. Transnational Constitutional Unamendability? 21 European Journal of Law Reform, Issue 3 (2019), (link),

13. Can Transnational Courts Cope with the Past? The ECtHR’s Failed Attempt to Judge Communist Past, Liber Amicorum for Hannes Tretter and Manfred Nowak, 2019. (link)

14. Dismantling Constitutional Review in Hungary, Revista di diritti comparati, 2019 (link)

15. The Possibility and Desirability of Rule of Law Conditionality, The Hague Journal on the Rule of Law, Volume 11, Issue 1 (2019), (link)

16. Silence of Transnational Constitutions: The ‘Invisible Constitution’ Doctrine of the Hungarian Constitutional Court, 16 ICON (2018). No. 3. 969-984. (link)

17. Conclusive Remarks, Constitutional Adjudication in Europe between Unity and Pluralism, Italian Journal of Public Law, Issue 2. No. 2 2018 (link)

18. The Application of European Constitutional Values in EU Member States. The Case of the Fundamental Law of Hungary, European Journal of Law Reform, 2018 (20) 2-3. (link)

19. Illiberal Constitutionalism? The Hungarian Constitution in European Perspective, in S. Kadelbach (ed.), Verfassungskrisen in der EU, Nomos, 2018. 84-103. (link)

20. The Decline of Mitteleuropa. A 89er’s Thoughts on the Fading Light of Constitutionalism, This Century’s Review, No. 1/2018 (link)

21. The Coup Against Constitutional Democracy. The Case of Hungary, in M. Graber, S. Levinson, M. Tushnet (eds.), Constitutional Democracy in Crisis? OUP, 2018. (link)

22. How the EU can and should cope with illiberal Member States, Quaderni costituzionali, 2/2018. (link)

23. Transitional justice, Transitional Constitutionalism and Constitutional Culture, in Gary Jacobsohn and Miguel Schor (eds.), Comparative Constitutional Theory, Edward Elgar, 2018. (link)

24. Second-Grade Constitutionalism: the Cases of Hungary and Poland, in Iulia Motoc, Paulo de Pinto de Albuquerque, Krzysztof Wojtyczek (eds.), New Developments in Constitutional Law, Essays in honour of András Sajó, Eleven International Publishing, 2018. (link)

25. Abuse of Constitutional Identity. The Hungarian Constitutional Court on Interpretation of Article E) (2) of the Fundamental Law, Review of Central and East European Law, 43 (2018), 23-42. (link)

26 Is There Such A Thing As ’Populist Constitutionalism’? Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 1/2018. (link)

27. The Early Retirement Age of the Hungarian Judges, in EU Law Stories: Contextual and Critical Histories of European Jurisprudence (eds., Fernanda and Davis), Cambridge University Press, 2017. (link)

28. From a Pariah to a Model? Hungary’s Rise As an Illiberal Member State of the EU, European Yearbook on Human Rights 2017. (link)

29. The Rise and Fall of Constitutionalism in Hungary, Paul Blokker (ed.), Constitutional Acceleration within the European Union and Beyond, Routledge, 2018. (link)

30. Varieties of State-Church Relations and Religious Freedom through Three Case Studies, Michigan State Law Review, Vol. 2017, No. 2, 2017.  (link)

31. Constitutionalism, Law, and Religion in Israel: A State’s Multiple Identities, Journal of Civil and Legal Sciences, 2016. (link)

32. Religion and Constitutionalism, MTA Law Working Papers, /52015 (link)

33. Invalid Anti-Migrant Referendum in Hungary,, 05.10.2016

34. The decline of liberal democracy in Europe’s midst, Eurozine, 27.09.2016

33. Constitutionalism, Law and Religion In Israel. A State’s Multiple Identities 2016, Journal of Civil and Legal Sciences, 5:1

34. Der Niedergang der liberalen Demokratie mitten in Europa, Transit, 48, 2016

35. Judicial Review of Constitutional Amendments and New Constitutions in Comparative Perspective, 50 Wake Forest L. Rev. 951 (2015)

36. Auswirkungen einer Übergangsjustiz auf die demokratische Konsolidierung in Mittel- und Osteuropa (Impact of Transitional Justice on democratic consolidation in Central and Eastern Europe), in Handbuch der Grundrechte in Deutschland und Europa Band IX: Die Grundrechte in Ostmitteleuropa und Osteuropa, C.F. Müller, 2015 

37. An Illiberal Polity in the Euro-Atlantic World Lessons from Hungary’s Backsliding, in The State of the Transatlantic World, The Transatlantic Academy, 2015.TA_2015_Halmai

38. Perspectives on Global Constitutionalism. The Use of Foreign and International Law by Domestic Courts, Eleven International Publishing, 2014.Perspectives on Global Constitutionalism final proofs

39. An Illiberal Constitutional System in the Middle of Europe. European Yearbook of Human Rights, 2014. 497-514. SSRN id2577883_EYHR_2014

40. Domestic Courts and International Human Rights. In: SAGE Handbook of Human Rights (eds. A. Mihr and M. Gibney), 2014. 749-767. SSRN-id2577840_SAGE

41. Constitutionalism and Democracy. The Case of the New Fundamental Law of Hungary. This Century’s Review, 1/2014. Century’s_Review_Halmai

42. Amicus Brief for the Venice Commission on the Fourth Amendment to the Fundamental Law of Hungary, 2014.

43. Disabling the Constitution (together with Miklós Bánkuti and Kim Lane Scheppele), Journal of Democracy, Vol. 23, No. 3 July 2012. JoD_final

44. Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendments: Constitutional Courts as Guardians of the Constitution? Constellations, 2/2012. SSRN-id2577887_Constellations

45. From the “Rule of Law Revolution” to the Constitutional Counter-Revolution in Hungary, European Yearbook on Human Rights, 2012. SSRN-id2577886_EYHR_2012

46 The Use of Foreign Law in Constitutional Interpretation. In: Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford University Press, 2012. 1328-1348. SSRN-id2577888_OxfordHB

47. Opinion on Hungary’s New Constitutional Order: Amicus Brief for the Venice Commission on the Transitional Provisions of the Fundamental Law and the Key Cardinal Laws, Gábor Halmai and Kim Lane Scheppele (ed.), with Miklós Bánkuti, Tamás Dombos, Zoltán Fleck, Gábor Halmai, Krisztina Rozgonyi, Balázs Majtényi, László Majtényi, Eszter Polgári, Kim Lane Scheppele, Bernadette Somody, Renáta Uitz. 2012.

48. From Separation of Powers to a Government without Checks: Hungary’s Old and New Constitutions (together with Miklós Bánkuti and Kim Lane Scheppele), In: Constitution for a Disunited Nation. On Hungary’s 2011 Fundamental Law, CEU Press, 2012. CEU_Press_Bankuti_Halmai_Scheppele[1]

49. Towards an Illiberal Democracy. Hungary’s New Constitution. Eurozine, 2012-01-25.

50. Hochproblematisch. Ungarns neues Grundgesetz, Osteuropa, 11/2011. Osteuropa_12_2011

51. Opinion on the Fundamental Law of Hungary, Andrew Arato, Gábor Halmai and János Kis (ed.), with Zoltán Fleck, Gábor Gadó, Gábor Halmai, Szabolcs Hegyi, Gábor Juhász, János Kis, Balázs Majtényi, Gábor Attila Tóth. 2011.

Other publications

1. Constitutionalism and the New Constitutional Law in Hungary. Juristo (Japan), 1989/12

2. Az egyesülés szabadsága. (The Right of Association), Atlantisz Kiadó, Budapest, 1990.

3. The Freedom of Assembly and Association, in: Human Rights in Today’s Hungary, Mezon 1990.

4. Von der gelebten Verfassung bis zur Verfassungsstaatlichkeit in Ungarn. (From the Living Constitution to the Constitutional State in Hungary) Osteuropa-Recht, 1990/1

5. Ein neues Menschenrechtsverständnis in Ungarn. Jahrbuch des öffentlichen Rechts der Gegenwart. (A New Concept of Human Rights in Hungary) Neue Folge, Band 39. 1990.

6. Schutz der Grund- und Menschenrechte in Ungarn: Vergangenheit und Gegenwart. In: For the Protection of Human Rights. The Japanese Association of Comparative Constitutional Law. Tokyo, 1990.

7. Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit und gelebte Verfassung. Beispiel Ungarn. In: 40 Jahre Grundgesetz. Enstehung, Bewährung und internationale Ausstrahlung. C.H. Beck München, 1990.

8. Regeneration of Civil Society in Hungary. Law and Policy. Volume 13. No. 2. 1991.

9. Hongrie. In: Annuaire International de Justice Constitutitonelle. VI. 1990. Groupe d’Etudes et de Recherches sur la Justice Constitutionelle Equipe associée au CNRS, Aix-en-Provence, 1992.

10. Die Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in Ungarn. Recht in Ost und West. Zeitschrift für Ostrecht und Rechtsvergleichung. 1993/1

11. Das Parteienrecht in Ungarn. In: Parteienrecht in mittel- und osteuropäischen Staaten. Hrsg. Prof. Dimitris Th. Tsatsos. Nomos Verlag, 1994.

12. Die zweijährige Erfahrungen des ungarischen Verfassungsgerichtes. In: Recht und Gerechtigkeit. Internationale Gedächtnisschrift für Georg Tagami. Seiko-Priplan Verlag, Tokyo 1993.

13. Protection of Human Rights in Poland and Hungary. In: Human Rights in Eastern Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, Coventry, 1995.

14. Juristische Bewältigung des kommunistischen Unrechts in Ungarn. (Co-author: Georg Brunner) In: Juristische Bewältigung des kommunistischen Unrechts in Osteuropa und Deutschland. Veröffentlichung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Osteuropakunde. Berlin Verlag, Berlin, 1995.

15. Die Rolle der Verfassungsgerichtsbarkeit in der ungarischen “Verfassungsrevolution”. In: Der Europäische Verfassungsraum. Schulthess, 1993.

16. A véleménynyilvánítás szabadsága. (Freedom of Expression), Atlantisz Kiadó, Budapest, 1994.

17. The Constitutional Court. In: Lawful Revolution in Hungary, 1989-1994. Atlantic Research
and Publications, Inc. 1996.

18. Living Well is the Best Revenge: The Hungarian Approach to Judging the Past(Co-author: Kim Lane Scheppele) In: Transitional Justice and the Rule of Law in New Democracies. University of Notre Dame
Press. Notre Dame and London, 1997.

19. The New Types of the Media and the State or the End of Liberalism. In: Rights of Access to the Media. Kluwer Law International. 1995.

20. Establishing a State Governed by the Rule of Law in Hungary. Review of Central and East European Law, 1996/4.

21. Constitutional Protection for Homosexuality in Hungary. (Co-author: Kim Lane Scheppele) East
European Human Rights Review. 1997/3.

22. Free Speech in the New Hungarian Constitutional Practice. International Journal of
Sociology. 1997/4.

23. Die Meinungsfreiheit in der Rechtsprechung des ungarischen Verfassungsgerichts. In: Verfassungsstaatlichkeit. Festschriftfür Klaus Stern zum 65. Geburtstag. C.H. Beck, München 1997.

24. Criticising Public Officials in Hungary. In: Michael K. Addo (ed.): Freedom of Expression and the Criticism of Judges. Ashgate, Dartmouth, 2000.

25. The Role of the Constitutional Courts in the Development of Legal Systems, in: Burton M. Leiser/Tom D.Campbell (Eds.), Human Rights in Philosophy and Practice, Ashgate/Dartmouth, 2001.

26. A kommunikációs jogok. (Communication Rights), Új Mandátum, Budapest, 2002

27. Constitution Found? The First Decade of the Hungarian Constitutional Review on Fundamental Rights. (Ed. by Gábor Halmai) BookWorld Publications, The Netherlands, 2002.

28. Changing Patterns and Measures. The Freedom of Expression in the Jurisprudence of the Hungarian Constitutional Court. In: Gábor Halmai (ed.), Constitution Found? The First Decade of the Hungarian Constitutional Review on Fundamental Rights. (Ed. by Gábor Halmai) BookWorld Publications, The Netherlands, 2002.

29. The Hungarian Approach of Constitutional Review. In: Wojciech Sadurski (ed.), Constitutional Justice: East and West. Kluwer Law International, 2002.

30. The Making of the Hungarian Constitution. In: A. Sajó (ed.), Out of and into Authoritarian Law. Kluwer Law International. 2002.

31. The Unmaking of Hungarian Constitutionalism? In: A. Sajó (ed.), Out of and into Authoritarian Law. Kluwer Law International. 2002.

32. Emberi jogok. (Human Rights, edited together with G. A. Tóth), Osiris Kiadó, 2003

33. Who is the Main Protector of Fundamental Rights in Hungary? The Role of the Constitutional Court and the Ordinary Courts. In: Jiri Priban, Pauline Roberts, James Young (eds.), Systems of Justice in Transition, Ashgate, 2003.

34. Constitutions and constitutional adjudication after post-communist transitions. International Journal of Constitutional Law. 2005/1.

35. The Third Party Effect in Hungarian Constitutional Adjudication. In: András Sajó and Renáta Uitz (ed.): The Constitution in Private Relations. Expanding Constitutionalism. Eleven International Publishing, 2005.

36. Hungary: Human Rights in the Face of Terrorism, (ed.) Human Rights Series 1., Vanderplas Publishing, USA, 2006.

37. Facing with the Legacy of Human Rights Violations. Post-communist Approaches to Transitional Justice. In: Felipe Gómez Isa and Koen de Feyter (eds.), International Protection of Human Rights: Achievements and
Challenges. University of Deusto in Bilbao. 2006.

38. Public Order and Security versus Rule of Law in Transition Countries. In: Gábor Halmai (ed.), Hungary. Human Rights in the Face of Terrorism. Vanderplas Publishing, US, 2006.

39. Grundstrukturen staatlichen Verfassungsrechts: Ungarn. In: Ius Publicum Euroepaeum. C.F. Müller Verlag, Heidelberg. 2007.

40. The Transition of Hungarian Constitutional Law from 1985 to 2005. In: The Transformation of the Hungarian Legal Order 1985-2005. Kluwer International. 2007.

41. Lustration and Access to the Files in Central Europe. In: Vladimira Dvorakova-Andelko Milardovic (eds.): Lustration and Consolidation of Democracy and the Rule of Law in Central and Eastern Europe. Series of Politial Reserach Centre Forum Book 5. Zagreb, 2007. 17-46.

42. Alkotmánybírósági esetjog (Constitutional Law Case Law), Complex, 2007.

43. Freedom to Know the Present and the Past – The Hungarian Approach. Journal of Parliamentary and Political Law. (Canada) 1/2008. 483-504.

44. Chapter XIII. Country Report for Hungary (together with Eszter Polgári and Balázs D. Tóth). In: Jan Barcz (ed.): Fundamental Rights Protection in the European Union. C.H. Beck, Warszawa, 2009. 327-355.

45. Referendum and Representative Democracy. Fundamentum, English Edition, 5/2008. 5-21.

46. The Neighbours’ Fear. Anti-Semitism in Poland Before and After World War II. Fundamentum, English Edition, 5/2008. 82-87.

47. Hungary: Impact on the Freedom of Expression (together with Eszter Polgári) In: Vinodh Jaichand – Markku Suksi (eds.): 60 Years of UDHR in EU Member States. Intersentia, 2009.

48. Vergangenheitsbewältigung im Kontext posttotalitärer Gesellschaften in Ost-Mittel-Europa.
In: Erinerungskonflikte und demokratische Kulturen in Europa. Beiträge zur transnationalen Europadebatte. Band 8. Lit-Verlag, 2009.

49. From the “Rule of Law Revolution” to an Illiberal Democracy in Hungary. In: Festschrift für Klaus Stern. Duncker & Humblot, 2011.

50. Argumentation auf historischer Grundlage – das Beispiel des ungarischen Verfassungsgerichts. In: Bewusstes Erinners und bewusstes Vergessen. Mohr Siebeck, 2011.

51. Opinion on the Fundamental Law of Hungary, Andrew Arato, Gábor Halmai and János Kis
(ed.), with Zoltán Fleck, Gábor Gadó, Gábor Halmai, Szabolcs Hegyi, Gábor Juhász, János Kis, Balázs Majtényi, Gábor Attila  Tóth. Available in English from the page of the Law and Public Affairs, Princeton University:; and, Resources for Constitutional Design:

52. Hochproblematisch. Ungarns neues Grundgesetz, Osteuropa, 11/2011.

53. Towards an Illiberal Democracy. Hungary’s New Constitution. Eurozine, 2012-01-25.

54. Opinion on Hungary’s New Constitutional Order: Amicus Brief fo the Venice Commission on the Transitional
Provisions of the Fundamental Law and the Key Cardinal Laws, Gábor Halmai and Kim Lane Scheppele (ed.), with Miklós Bánkuti, Tamás Dombos, Zoltán Fleck, Gábor Halmai, Krisztina Rozgonyi, Balázs
Majtényi, László Majtényi, Eszter Polgári, Kim Lane Scheppele, Bernadette Somody, Renáta Uitz. Available both in English and Hungarian at http:

55. From Separation of Powers to a Government without Checks: Hungary’s Old and New Constitutions (together with Miklós Bánkuti and Kim Lane Scheppele), In: Constitution for a Disunited Nation. On Hungary’s 2011 Fundamental Law, CEU Press, 2012.

56. The Use of Foreign Law in Constitutional Interpretation. In: Oxford Handbook of Comparative Constitutional Law. Oxford University Press, 2012. 1328-1348.

57. From the “Rule of Law Revolution” to the Constitutional Counter-Revolution in Hungary, European Yearbook on Human Rights, 2012.

58. Unconstitutional Constitutional Amendments: Constitutional Courts as Guardians of the Constitution? Constellations, 2/2012.

59. Disabling the Constitution (together with Miklós Bánkuti and Kim Lane Scheppele), Journal of Democracy, Vol. 23, No. 3 July 2012.

60. Die Abschaffungder Medienfreiheit in Ungarn? Meinungsfreiheit – Quo Vadis? Jahrbuch der Menschenrechte. 2012/2013. Böhlau Verlag, 2013. 244-255.

61. Amicus Brief for the Venice Commission on the Fourth Amendment to the Fundamental
Law of Hungary. (In Hungarian language see Fundamentum, 2013/3.)

62. The Rise and Fall of Hungarian Constitutionalism, The Democratic Disconnect.
Citizenship and Accountability in the Transatlantic Community, Transatlantic Academy, 2013.

63. Alkotmány – emberi jogok – globalizáció. Az alkotmányos eszmék migrációja. (Constitution
– Human Rights – Globalisation. The Migration of Constitutional Ideas. L’Harmattan, 2013.

64. Perspectives on Global Constitutionalism. The Use of Foreign and International Law by Domestic Courts, Eleven International Publishing, 2014.

65. Constitutionalism and Democracy. The Case of the New Fundamental Law of Hungary. This Century’s Review, 1/2014.

66. Domestic Courts and International Human Rights. In: SAGE Handbook of Human Rights(eds. A.Mihr and M. Gibney), 2014. 749-767.

67. An Illiberal Constitutional System in the Middle of Europe. European Yearbook of Human Rights, 2014. 497-514.

68. An Illiberal Polity in the Euro-Atlantic World Lessons from Hungary’s Backsliding, in The State of the Transatlantic World, The Transatlantic Academy, 20155