While at EUI, I will conclude a research journey that I have been pursuing in the last 15 years, concerning the way technology markets are shaped by legal forces, with a focus on the European law. A growing body of scholarly work has been studying the markets for technology under a variety of perspectives, but very few legal authors have endeavored to explore the legal determinants, the legal contents and the legal and economic implications of such markets, particularly in a comparative and international law perspective. The research agenda is based on the interplay among contract law (in a transnational perspective), competition rules and intellectual property and at the interface of these three areas lies the complexity of a topic that is both timely and relevant. The market for technology is the backbone through which critical resources (such as new lead compounds for pharmaceutical products, robotics, advanced materials, energy saving technologies, new plant varieties) flow from laboratories to markets in an international setting of de-verticalized open innovation. The interplay between private autonomy and mandatory rules is instrumental to favor technology exchanges and to create and regulate a market that is crucial for the knowledge-based society.