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My Ph.D. includes three main empirical chapters based on longitudinal data from the Netherlands. The first chapter examines whether occupational experience mediates gender differences in personal values. The second chapter examines whether personal values impact the probability of the first union. The third chapters examine whether personal values and gender norms impact the division of household labor. Throughout this research, I found personal values which differ between men and women and play a role in the choices that differentiate the life courses of the genders, in particular, the values which juxtapose the importance of close relationships versus social status. For example, the fields of study, occupations, division of household labor and probability of marriage are all associated with benevolence and achievement values. Additionally, I found that occupational experiences and social class are associated with values on social conservatism versus openness to experience.