Skip to content


Richard’s main research interests are in the history of European social and political theory post-1750 and contemporary analytical legal, social and political philosophy, with a particular emphasis on public ethics, and the application of normative theory to the understanding of citizenship, democracy and constitutionalism in modern societies.

Richard has worked extensively on Italian political thought and in 2012 he was awarded the Serena Medal by the British Academy, given `for eminent services towards the furtherance of the study of Italian history, literature, art or economics’. His work on constitutionalism culminated in his Political Constitutionalism, which won the 2009 David and Elaine Spitz Prize. Richard has also been a leading figure in the normative study of the European Union and directed a number of prominent ESRC and European Commission research projects in this area as well as publishing extensively on the topic.

Richard was the recipient of a Leverhulme Research Fellowship for 2012-2014 for a project on `A Republic of European States: Cosmopolitanism, Republicanism and the EU’, which he has recently completed writing up as a monograph for Cambridge University Press. A recent article from this project, co-authored with Sandra Kröger and entitled “Beyond a constraining dissensus: The role of national parliaments in domesticating and normalising the politicisation of European integration”, Comp Eur Polit, 2016, 14: 131-153, won the PADEMIA 2016 Research Award (journal article category) for ‘Outstanding Research on Parliamentary Democracy in Europe’ that has ‘contributed substantially to the state of the art of research on Parliamentary Democracy in Europe, and/or has influenced academic and political debates on the topic’.

Richard has written 11 monographs to date, edited or co-edited more than 30 books and specials issues and is the author of over 50 refereed journal articles and more than 100 short articles and book chapters. He has also edited scholarly editions of works by Beccaria, Bobbio and Gramsci. His publications have been translated into several languages, including Arabic, Chinese, Czech, French, German, Indonesian, Italian, Japanese, Portuguese, Spanish and Turkish. His most recent single authored monograph, which applies republican theory to the EU, is  A Republican Europe of  States: Cosmopolitanism,  Intergovernmentalism and Democracy in the EU and was published by  Cambridge University Press in January 2019.  A collection of 20 articles on this topic written over the past 25 years  with Dario Castiglione was also published in June 2019, by Rowman and Littlefield, as From Maastricht to Brexit.  His latest book (with Sandra Kröger and Marta Lorimer) is Flexible Europe: Differentiated Integration, Fairness and Democracy and was published by Bristol University Press in 2022. He is currently writing a book on the Democratic Constitution for Oxford University Press and a study of Political Leadership provisionally titled The Democratic Prince. He is co-editing The Cambridge Companion to Constitutional Theory  with Jeff King of UCL and The Cambridge Dictionary of Political Thought with Terry Ball of Arizona State University.

Richard was Academic Director of the European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) from 2002-2006 and Founding Chair of the Britain and Ireland Association for Political Thought from 2008-2013. He was a member of the 2014 REF Panel for Politics and International Relations.

He is on the editorial boards of the British Journal of Politics and International Relations, Modern Italy, Res Publica: A Journal of Legal and Social Philosophy, The European Legacy: Towards New Paradigms, the European Journal of Political Theory and Diacritica: Philosophy. He was an associate editor of the  European Political Science Review and the European Journal of Political Theory and on the editorial boards of European Political ScienceGovernment and OppositionModern Intellectual History and the Journal of Modern Italian Studies. He has co-edited the journal CRISPP (Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy) since 2001.

Some of Richard’s past and recent papers  can be downloaded from his AcademiaOrcidResearchGate or SSRN pages,  from the Cadmus link to the left of this page or his UCL IRIS Profile Page. You can also find details of Richard’s books on his Amazon Author’s Page. Further information on his publications can be found on his Google Scholar page.