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Research

Jean Monnet Fellowship Project

Robert Stojanov

 

Current Migration to Europe and
Climate Change Impacts. Why Some People Move and Others Don’t?

This research project will analyse how drought,
water deficiency and other climate change impacts may have influenced current
migration flows to Europe. The primary objective of this research project is to
generate new knowledge on the understandings of climate extremes impacts and
migration, regarding how climate extremes, in particular drought and water
deficiency do and do not influence migration choices within the process of
current immigration flow to Europe. More specifically I plan to focus on:

1. Connect usually separated issues
dealing with climate extremes impacts, adaptation challenges and population
dynamics (movement), and create conceptual framework analysis of short-term,
longer-term adaptation to climate extremes on household level and explore
population movement as one of potential adaptation strategies.

2. Identify whether people living in
climate extremes prone regions, such as drought affected area prefer some
out-movement or stay in their places of origin.

3. Identify factors influencing
movement decision-making of respondents including use of smart equipments as a
new migration tool.

 

Methodology:

1.
Literature review

Review will
be based on analysis of existing public datasets (EUROSTAT, UNHCR, IOM, etc.),
methodologies and approaches concerning relations among migration/displacement
research, impacts of changing environmental to living conditions, especially
changing of weather patterns, and policy implication dealing with topic.

2.
In-depth interviews interview

Interviews
(N-about 70) were already conducted in 2015-2016 in Greece, Austria and Turkey
with main stakeholders non governmental organisations, local experts and
immigrants to explore their perception and attitudes towards issue dealing with
above described topic. New interviews will be conducted according to discussion
and recommendations of colleagues from EUI.

3.
Questionnaires

Questionnaires
(N-287) were conducted in Austria in 2015-2016 with immigrants household
members. Respondents were intentionally selected mainly through national
immigration statistics based on public data. New questionnaires could be
collected during the fellowship based on the collaboration with colleagues from
EUI.

4.
Data analysis, preparation scientific papers

Deep
analysis of the datasets and collected information, including space analysis
using GIS. I would like to work on preparation at least of two scientific
papers for highly respected journals using mix of quantitative and qualitative
methods.